Different skin types and conditions

The skin is one of the body's essential organs. It is made up of several layers of skin on the inside and a hydrolipidic film on the outside.

Dry, oily, sensitive or mature? If we don't always know the nature of our skin, it's vital to be able to choose the right skincare products for our needs.

Different skin types

The composition of the hydrolipidic film determines skin type. It's a skin characteristic that never changes.

There are four different skin types:

1. Normal/udermic skin

Considered the ideal skin, normal skin is balanced, neither too oily nor too dry. It is smooth and soft, with few imperfections and no shine.
Its tone and texture are uniform, and it is comfortable and not tight.

2. Dry skin

Dry skin is skin with insufficient sebum production. Dry skin tends to be dehydrated, with fine pores and a rough texture. It can sometimes be subject to flaking, irritation and redness. Signs of skin aging, such as fine lines, may be more visible on dry skin.

3. Oily skin

Oily skin is characterized by an overproduction of sebum, with dilated pores, excessive shine and imperfections. The complexion is shiny and skin texture irregular.

4. Combination skin

Combination skin presents a combination of normal and oily zones. Generally speaking, the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) is more prone to excess sebum and presents imperfections, as well as visible, dilated pores. The skin on the cheeks and temples, on the other hand, is normal, not tight, not shiny and uniform.

Different skin conditions

Unlike skin type, skin health can change over the course of a lifetime. It depends on internal and external factors: ageing, hormones, pollution, stress or climatic variations...

Here too, we can distinguish four types of skin condition:

1. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin suffers from tingling, itching and red patches. Comfortable, it feels tight.

2. Dehydrated skin

Dehydrated skin can be recognized by its lack of radiance and fine dehydration lines. Why and how to moisturize?

3. Mature skin

Mature skin shows signs of ageing (wrinkles, sagging, age spots...). It lacks elasticity.

4. Acne-prone skin

Acne-prone skin is characterized by an inflammatory state of the cutaneous surface. This skin condition is caused by an overproduction of sebum, which encourages the proliferation of acne-causing bacteria.

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